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Copying songs from a music CD to your harddisk is usually done in WAV format. This way you can take songs from several CD's and make a compilation of your own favorite songs on a single CD.

In this guide I use Nero by Ahead of which you can download (not crippled) trial version at their website.

Copying songs to WAV is not very efficient on the space use on your harddrive, but the quality remains a 100% copy of the original soundtrack.

On the page "How do I create my own music CD?" you will find more information on the use of WAV files.


Note: The screenshots used on this page are made on a Windows XP PC, using Nero version Depending on the Windows version and Nero version, the images on your PC might be different!

Note: Read the disclaimer first! Copying music CD's may be illegal!


  1. Insert a music CD in the CD-player of your PC.
  2. Install and start Nero.
  3. Select the proper CD player.
  4. Using the (Internet) CD-database and the unknown CD.
  5. Selecting the desired songs.
  6. Settings of the WAV properties.
  7. Finding a place for your WAV's.

Step 1: Insert the music CD into the CD-/DVD-Rom player

To make your first start a bit easier, start with inserting a music CD in a CD-player of your PC. This can be the CD-writer, a regular CD-Rom player or a DVD-player. This way, your first "rip" (copying the audio tracks) will be easier since Nero instantly knows the CD.

Step 2: Install (if needed) and start Nero

If you just downloaded the trial version of Nero, then you must install it first. Double click the file you just downloaded. The file is called "NEROabcd.EXE" where "abcd" indicates the version number of Nero.
Warning for Windows XP users: Use version or newer! Earlier versions do not work properly.

After installation, we start Nero. Nero is to be found in the start menu at the item "Ahead Nero". Click the Windows "START" button, select "Programms", select "Ahead Nero" and finally click "Nero - Burning Rom".

Nero will now start, in case you have a CD or DVD writer, Nero will show you that it found a device capable of writing either of them (in the lower right corner - see second screenshot below).

Start AHead's Nero Burning Rom

Nero has found a Plextor CD-writer in this example

Nero usually starts out with the Wizard (screenshot 1) or the "New Compilation" (screenshot 2) window. Close either windows by clicking the button "Cancel".

Nero Wizard window

Screenshot 1: The Wizard


Nero "New Compilation" window
Screenshot 2: "New Compilation" window

Step 3: Select the proper CD-player

Go to the menu "Recorder" and click the option "Save Track...".

Nero: Recorder - Save Track ....

There now appears a window, asking you which CD-player Nero should use, if you have more than one CD-Rom player. On my PC:

Select CD-player ...

Here you see that my PC knwos 3 CD-players. The "V386 Stealth DVD" (a free and excellent virtual CD player, download at CD Daemon), a"Plextor CD-R PX-W1610A" (the CD-writer - you can recognize this beacuse of the "CD-R" text) and a "Hitachi DVD-ROM GD-5000" (my DVD player).

Now click once on the CD-player you are about to use - this is the CD-player where you inserted the music CD, and click the "OK" button.

Step 4: The CD (Internet) Database

Nero will now start to analyse the CD you have in the CD-player:

What's on this CD?

Pretty quick, Nero is finished analysing the CD and will show the CD-Database window. Here you can create a databse of your own CD collection, or get the CD author, titles etc. from the Internet. Information of this CD can be retrieved of a so called CDDB - a very large CD-content database. This can save you a lot of time, typing the titles of songs etc. This data - if available for the CD you have - is being used for generating filenames for your WAV's in the format "band - title.wav" instead of "Track01.wav". So suppose you have the CD of "Anne Clark" and the song you are about to copy is called "Shades", your WAV will be called "Anne Clark - Shades.wav". Which can save you a lot of time later on when looking for that particular song in your WAV collection.

Caution: Nero will close this window automatically after a predefined time!

So now you have to make a choice. Do I want to retrieve data from the Internet?

If the answer is YES, then click the "Access Internet Database" button. Nero will contact the Internet to see if this is a known CD. If Nero does find your CD in the CDDB database on the Internet, it will show the found title(s) in the upperpart of the window. Now click the diserd title and next click the "Selected CD" button to use this data.

If the answer is NO, click the "Cancel" button (or wait for Nero to close the window) and continue with Step 5.

The unknown CD - OPTIONAL!


It is very well possible that the CD you have can't be found on the Internet yet. These two messages will appear:

Woops,... this CD is unknown!

Woops,... this CD is unknown!

You now have the option to create your own database. Incase you have an original CD, you migh consider sharing the information on this CD with others by uploading the data to the Internet Database. Thousands have done this before you - which is why the database is available. Your contribution is also welcome. You don't have to, but it would be nice.

Unfortunally, this requires some qork on your side - which is for most user too much work (unfortunally).

To be able to add the CD to the Internet database, you will need to close all windows, so you get back to the basic window of Nero. Now choose "File" - "Preferences" and click the tab "Database". You will see a similar window:

CD Internet Database preferences

You will need to complete these fields:

Field What is it?
Your E_Mail address: Your e-mail address.
SMTP Server: The name of your mail-out server (known as SMTP server in for example Outlook)

Now click the "Apply' button and the "OK" button. Go back to Step 3. Once you are back at Step 4, you will need to enter the CD data. Try to be acurate and enter as much data as possible. Typo's and titles like "Unknown" or "CD number 10 of Hans' collection" are not usefull to anyone.

Step 5: Select the desired songs

In this example I use the CD of the "Deaf Dog Blues Band" (Hi Ton!), which is the CD I inserted into my CD-Romplayer, After clicking the "Selected CD" button, as described in Step 4, the following window will appear. In this window all songs of that particular CD are displayed and selected.

Selected songs of the CD

Now you can selecteer the songs you would like to convert to an WAV, using the left mouse button (or click the "Select All" button if you want them all). When selecting 2 or more songs, keep the CTRL toets pressed while selecting your songs. Windows explorer works in a similar fashion.

Step 6: Setting the WAV properties

At the field "Output file format:" you can set the desired output format. By default it is set to "PCM Wav file (*.WAV)". Now click the button "Settings..." for detailed settings - the default settings are not good enough for us.

The properties of the WAV file format

  1. Set "Frequency" to "44100".
    According to the CD format we are going to be using a 44.100 Hz samplerate.

  2. Set "Nits" to "16".

  3. Set "Channels" to "Stereo".
    I just guess that you would like to have both channels in stereo.

Click the "OK" button.

Step 7: Where to store your WAV's?

Now you're back in the "Save Track" window.
Here you can define where to put the WAV's files.
At the field "Path" you can enter the path where to store your WAV's by typing it. You can also (which is easier) click the "..." button and browse your PC for a location.

If you think you've done everything the way you want it, then click the "GO" button. Nero will now start copying the tracks - while converting them to WAV - to your PC:

WAV Rip-progress

The upper progressbar indicates the progress for the current sound-track, the lower progressbar indicates the total progress of the ripping and converting process.

Depending on the speed of your PC, the amount of memory and the speed of the CD-player,... it's different for each PC.

As soon as the "Progress" window disappears, you can click the "Close" button to quit ripping. If you do not want to quit, and want to rip the next CD, then follow these steps:

  1. In the lower right corner, there is a button called "Drive". Click it and select the option "Eject".
    The CD is now being ejected.

    Eject CD

  2. Wait a few seconds and click the "Drive" button again, now select the option "Refresh".
    Nero will now start to analyze the CD,... You're now back to beginning of Step 4. Go there and read on what to do ...




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