On this page ...
this brief instruction I will try to explain you how to setup WinRoute
for use with ADSL (MXStream
in particular) so you can share the connection with several computers.
Possible hardware configurations can be found on the ADSL-Internet-sharing
In this particular situation I used the KPN
MXStream-Basic ADSL version. Other ADSL version will work in
a similar fashion.
Before you start with this page, make sure your ADSL
connection is up and running. This page only deals with sharing the connection!
Take a look here
to see how to setup MXStream basis (analog).
Take a look here
to see how to setup MXStream basis (ISDN).
Note: if you do not wish to purchase WinRoute
and/or your server PC is a really old one (i.e. 386 etc.) then you might
consider the one floppy-server-router linux distribution called FloppyFW
for MXStream. The server does not even need a harddisk and it's FREE!
Note: Another good alternative is hacking
the Alcatel modem or buying a Router.
Note: WinRoute is not the only software
router around, there are other, however I prefer WinRoute because it does
not need client software and is very stable!
Update: Tiny Software is no
longer distributing WinRoute, Kerio
is doing this.
TIP: WinRoute could cause
issues with Windows XP.
Download WinRoute and install it
Automatic settings for your client PC's
WinRoute setup - Interface Table
WinRoute setup - Proxy Server (optional)
WinRoute setup - DHCP
WinRoute setup - DNS
van de PC(s) - Windows 2000/XP
van de PC(s) - Windows 95, 98 en ME
- Windows 95, 98 and ME
- Windows 2000
Note: Before you start; I assume you are
going to use Variant
3, differences for Variant
2 are indicated separately.
Download and Install WinRoute
Software - the creators of WinRoute - offer a free 30 trail version
which can be downloaded
from their website. Click the "Try it!" button to start
downloading (I used the WinRoute Pro version).
After downloading you can double click the file "WRP41EN.EXE",
which initiates the setup. The file name might be different in the future
since this reflects the WinRoute Pro 4.1 build 25.
Follow the steps indicated by the setup - it's very simple.
DON'T REBOOT YOUR PC YET!
Since we are busy anyway, we might as well give the
server PC an fixed IP-address. Since we are going to be using the 192.168.1.x-ip-range
I suggest we give the server the IP-address 192.168.1.1. This can be done
by opening the "properties" of the "Network Neighborhood"
and opening the "TCP/IP" settings of the network-card
connected to the hub. Enter IP-address"192.168.1.0" and
Confirm these settings by clicking "OK" twice.
Your PC, unless you are using Windows 2000, will now
want to restart: Do it, even if your are using Windows 2000!
Reminder: I assume you have MXStream (or
other Internet connection) installed and working!
for the client PC's
WinRoute can make life definitely easier on you by setting
the settings for your client PC automatically. The basic settings we are
about to use:
|DHCP for IP-addresses
|We use a private IP-range
|DNS server will be used
|Default Gateway will be our WinRoute-server
1. We are about to use DHCP.
DHCP is used to automatically assign an IP-address to
your client PC as soon as this client PC boots. The biggest advantage
of this is that we do not need to write down an IP-usage plan and we do
not need to configure out client PC's manually.
2. We are about to use a private IP-address range.
This means that we are using an IP-range free for private
use only. In this situation I choose the 192.168.1.x range. We will use
the subnetmask 255.255.255.0 for this, which means that only the IP-addresses
in our private range (192.168.1.x) can be seen or see us. The zero indicates
that the 'x' in 192.168.1.x can be any value between 0 and 255. This way
we can use up to 255 IP-addresses
3. We will use the WinRoute server as a DNS server.
DNS - Domain Name System - is used to convert an URL
(i.e. http://www.weethet.nl) to a understandable IP-address (i.e. 22.214.171.124).
This is very important for surfing the Internet, that's why millions of
DNS-servers can be found on the Internet. These servers maintain a sort
of list matching name and IP-address.
Our own PC's request translation each time you enter a link. To make things
work quicker we let WinRoute handles this and remembers the translation
so I it doesn't need to request an IP-addres the second time. Another
advantage is that we can let WinRoute set DNS-settings on your client
4. We will use the WinRoute server as Default Gateway.
Rough translation: we will use WinRoute as a central
access point to the Internet.
All these settings are done for each client automatically
by WinRoute as soon as a client PC's logs into our private network (LAN
- Local Area Network).
- Interface Table
First we must start the administrator console of WinRoute,
this is done by double clicking the WinRoute icon in the Systray.
A window will open asking you the "Administrator"
password which is default blank, so don't enter a password and simply
The Interface Table of WinRoute is used to set traffic-directions.
Select the menu "Settings" - "Interface
Table ...", a window appears;
In this window we see all network related connections.
In this particular example we see two network-cards (Ethernet) and one
dial-up connection (RAS).
Now it's important to activate address-translation (NAT
- Network Address Translation) so we can share one IP-address over multiple
computers. This can only be done to connections to the outside world,
so do not activate this on the network-cards of your LAN! Make sure you
activate NAT on the RAS ONLY!
Here is how to do this; click the network-connection for which you do
not want NAT to be activated and click the button "Properties".
For Ethernet connection this window appears, make sure
NAT is not checked:
At the red arrow shown above you must make sure "Perform
NAT" option is unchecked, click "OK".
Repeat this for the RAS connection, here we need to
do some settings like activating NAT:
Here you MUST check the "Perform NAT"
option, next select the "RAS"-tab.
At the entry field "RAS Entry" you
can select the name of the dialup-connection used for MXStream. Enter
your username and password at the fields "Username" and
Here we can also set how fast we would like to get connected
using the "Connection"-section of this window.
Since ADSL/MXStream uses a flat-fee connection, I choose "On Demand",
which indicates that WinRoute will always activate the connection as soon
as it's needed. I strongly advise to not use the "Persistent"
(always on) mode - this might overload the amount of connections your
providers has to handle. The option "Manual" is only
useful if you want Internet access to be limited.
In the "Options"-section we can also
"Hang-up if idle
60 or 120 minutes
|After how many
minutes of no Internet activity should WinRoute disconnect.
"Redail when busy"
|How many redial-attempts
should WinRoute use.
reconnect on detection of a bad connection.
Once your settings are finished, click "OK".
We are now done setting the "Interface
Table ..." click "OK" to continue.
- Proxy Server (optional)
To improve Internet access speeds you can use a so called
proxy server. A proxy server is basically a complex cache - saving requested
pages so they are retrieved faster if called on again. This does not only
improve surfing speed but saves bandwidth on your ADSL connection.
The use of a proxy is optional, you can activate it
like this (works for both variants);
Select the men "Settings" - "Proxy
Check "Proxy Server Enabled", and (optional)
enter a "Proxy port" value of "80",
the default value will work just fine too ("3175"). Another
common value would be "1010".
How do I use the proxy server with the client PC?
All Internet browser software can handle proxies, proxy server ="192.168.1.0"
with port-number equal what you just set (so "80", "3175"
or "1010" - what ever you used).
- DHCP settings
For assigning IP-addresses to your client PC's, we need
to activate the WinRoute DHCP-server.
Select menu "Settings" - "DHCP Server ...":
As you can see I checked the option "DHCP Server
enabled" and I already defined an IP range.
Click "New Scope ...";
Note: you can use an alternative IP-number-plan,
specially when you are using variant 2. Use for the server "10.0.0.150"
and set an IP-range of "10.0.0.150" to "10.0.0.199".
This enables the other users, in variant
2 only, to directly access the ADSL modem connection.
Here we enter our private IP-range. Type at the "From"
field "192.168.1.10" and at the "To"
field we type "192.168.1.100" - with this range we can
handle 90 PC's, which appears to be more than sufficient for a home network
don't you think? At the "Mask" field we enter "255.255.255.0".
Now check the "Default Gateway" option
and enter at the "Specify value" the value "192.168.1.1".
We have now set our WinRoute server as the default gateway.
No check the "DNS Server" option and
enter at the "Specify value" the value "192.168.1.1".
All DNS request will now be handled by WinRoute.
Optional we can also check the option "Lease
Time": here you indicate how long a specific client PC is allowed
to use an IP-address, which is not required for a small home network,
but you can set it if you want to.
Basically it looks like this:
Click "OK" and "OK"
to confirm these changes.
- DNS Forwarding
Select the menu "Settings" - "DNS
Forwarder" and verify these settings, click "OK"
Note: before testing you will
need to configure you PC first (Window
2000/XP, Windows 95, 98, and
After a reboot of you client PC, except for Windows
2000 clients, (note: the server should be running and both PC's should
be connected to the same LAN hub) we can monitor the IP-assignment in
In WinRoute select "Settings" - "DHCP
Server" or click the "Change Settings of DHCP Server" button.
In this window we will see what IP-addresses have been
assigned to which PC's;
Caution: the IP-address in the screen
shot - 192.168.1.0 - must be in fact 192.168.1.1 (thanks
Pieter, for noticing this!).
The client PC, which you just booted should be in here
as well (do wait for Windows to have completed it's startup). Click any
of the displayed IP-address with an computer icon in front of it to see
additional data in the right pane of this window:
Additionally you can verify this on the client PC's.
WINDOWS 95, 98 en ME
Click "START" - "Run",
type "WINIPCFG" and click "OK".
You might be required to change the selected network
card by using the dropdownbox to the network-card connected to your LAN.
Similar settings should appear, with 'xxx' being
a number assigned by WinRoute:
By clicking the "Release" button, a
new IP-address will be request from WinRoute (most likely the same number
as it becomes a new free IP-address).
Windows 2000 is a bit more primitive, strangely. Click
"START" - "RUN", type "CMD"
and click "OK", a DOS prompt will open now.
In the DOS prompt type: "IPCONFIG"
and press the ENTER-key. Similar info will appear:
Similar settings should appear, with 'xxx' being a number
assigned by WinRoute:
If you would like to see more info, type "IPCONFIG
/ALL" and press enter. This will show something like this:
Windows 2000 IP
Host Name . .
. . . . . . . . . . : darkstar
Primary DNS Suffix . . . . . . . :
Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Broadcast
IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
Home network NIC:
DNS Suffix . :
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Realtek PCI Fast Ethernet Adapter
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-C0-26-5C-0D-4D
DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.10
Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.1
DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.1
DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.1
Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : Tuesday, May 15, 2001 10:46:12
Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : Thursday, May 17, 2001 10:46:12
Now you can also see that our WinRoute server handles
DHCP, DNS and is the default gateway.